Richard Light, Torsten Hiltmann, Christopher Pollin, Georg Vogeler
Some related Resources:
- https://github.com/GVogeler/prosopogrAPhI (See: Vogeler, Georg; Vasold, Gunter; Schlögl, Matthias: Von IIIF zu IPIF? Ein Vorschlag für den Datenaustausch über Personen. In: Sahle, Patrick (Hg.): DHd 2019 Digital Humanities: multimedial & multimodal. Konferenzabstracts. Frankfurt / Mainz. DHd. 2019. 234-238. https://zenodo.org/record/2600812)
- Jouni Tuominen, Eero Hyvönen, Petri Leskinen, Bio CRM: A Data Model for Representing Biographical Data for Prosopographical Research. In: BD-2017 Biographical Data in a Digital World 2017, Linz, Austria, November 6-7, 2017: 59-66. http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-2119/paper10.pdf
- Pasin, M & Bradley, J 2015, 'Factoid-based prosopography and computer ontologies: Towards an integrated approach'. In: LLC 30,1: 86–97. https://doi.org/10.1093/llc/fqt037
What is the concept: person?
- Social identity
- biological identity
- (how can identity be expressed?)
- “it needs to be just complex enough”
- factoid model (John Bradley and Harold Short, ‘Texts into databases: the Evolving Field of New-style Prosopography’, Literary and Linguistic Computing 20 Suppl. 1 (2005) 3-24; Pasin, M & Bradley, J 2013, 'Factoid-based prosopography and computer ontologies: Towards an integrated approach')
- Describing not the biological person, “it is my assertion that this person is X and I bring to justify some source”
in Pelagios: with places they created a interconnection format from different gazetteers
a statement of minimum information to identify a place in another system.
Cultural dependent model
Africa: someone who has many children gives their children to someone else who has no children = in different cultures you have different concepts/understandings what means to be “child of” (social, biological, cultural)
- Africa: someone who has many children gives their children to someone else who has no children = in different cultures you have different concepts/understandings what means to be “child of” (social, biological, cultural)
- Mental Model of a person
- rules to say with a high probability that a person is the same person
Identify a Family (or institution like a monastery if its a monk) and not the individual being
How can we agree that we talk about the same person?
What is the minimum information that allows to disambiguate people?
This information is related to temporal and spatial contexts
A hierarchy of reliable identifiers
authority-id, authority file
- a passport, id-number
name (names can change)
- Family name
- First name
appellation (CIDOC - Construct)
- “maier from berlin”, “peter of london”
- “the bold”, “the great” ( in different cultural context such appellation can change)
- kings, monks or pope change their name or add something to their name
“the father/mother of X” + “the son/daughter of Y”
- “is it the younger or older cousin?” - context sensitive
- Reasoning constraints: “the father must be born before the son”
- economic activities: business partner, the boss of
- social relationships: friend of,
- social network
- “Franz from Leipzig”
- biological sex and social gender
symbolical identification: emblem
- signature in a document / seal
- graphical identification: handwriting
function of a person:
- the priest in a village, a herald: office name
authorship (the author of Faust (which Faust?))
- gives a lot information about a person
- the workshop of the famous painter X
- “the brushstroke of a person” (art history)
someone is married, married with X
- can be resolved
someone is a Dr.
Different from occupation, it can inherited (a noble inherits his status)
- Different from occupation, it can inherited (a noble inherits his status)
- when a noble signs a contract: he can appear with personalities, different social roles in different situations (as the merchant, as the captain...)
- someone is a Dr.
- people taking over someone others social role: “a king coming back from the crusades (as an imposter)
- occupation: the blacksmith in a village
- someone is married, married with X
- fictional person: like King Arthur
History of ownership of a farm/building, the name of the first family that lived there
(ger: Genanntname, auch Vulgoname)
reliability of the source - probability inside a corpus
falsify a document (fraud)
2 medieval chronicles can describe the same event with different person/people involved.
Soviet soldier – Ukraine refugee – Jewish person in the USA
depending on the situation he described his story differently depending on the situation, but he was the same person.
Library Authority Files: take death, birth and occupation (but occupation changes in a lifetime)
preferred name (who prefers it?)
Create different instances of person and match them together afterwards
- statement about a id: there is a person
- another statement about a id: there is a person
- Davis/David Galbraith, BIO: A Vocabulary for Biographical Information, 2003–2011 (URL: http://vocab.org/bio).
- Michele R. Ramos, Biography Light Ontology: An Open Vocabulary for Encoding Biographic Texts, [Berkeley] 2009 (URL: http://metadata.berkeley.edu/BiographyLightOntology.pdf).
- Gabriel Bodard u.a. (Hg.): Standards for Networking Ancient Prosopographies: Ontology  (URL: http://snapdrgn.net/ontology).